The search for ochre was one of the earliest human activities not associated with base survival.
Pilgrimage To The Gardens © 2010 James Warren includes a pouch of tobacco as well as mescal bean and solid brass bead attachments on the over-narrowed, acrylic on canvas painting. The mescal beans were burned through with a hot nail. This simple "combine" piece was part of my submission to qualify for the Bachelor of Fine Arts program at Chico State.
"Ancient people dug for red and yellow ochre and white chalks. They needed color for rituals and beautification. Meanwhile, they were tossing aside all the gold, diamonds, rubies and silver. The refining of ochre through heating was a sort of refining process...a sort of chemistry...laboratory work. Later on, the concerns with metals became prominent, but the search for paint, the initial item of value, was the precursor. © 2013 James Warren"
The buffalo lived and died on land which predated the political boundaries of Canada, the United States and Mexico. The Spirit and Power of the Buffalo, likewise, cannot be contained by human constructs. Something significant may be witnessed on a deeply-felt level rather than directed by a high-minded level.